Oh, lovely, you're a cheery one aren't you?
Wednesday, October 04
Double Plus Pop Rotate Edition
- Intel is spinning off its "programmable solutions" division as a separate company. (AnandTech)
What is Intel's "programmable solutions" business?
It's Altera. Intel bought the company in 2015 and filed off the serial numbers.
Which does at least make it easy to come up for a name for the newly formed company...
Coincidentally, AMD recently bought Altera's major competitor.
- Moronity Report: How good are the most advanced AI systems at predicting crime? Not. (The Markup)
Diving deeper, we looked at predictions specifically for robberies or aggravated assaults that were likely to occur in Plainfield and found a similarly low success rate: 0.6 percent. The pattern was even worse when we looked at burglary predictions, which had a success rate of 0.1 percent.At least the Plainfield PD scrapped the system after two years and only wasted about $35,000. As this kind of nonsense goes that's practically winning the lottery.
- Inside the A510, Arm's boring workhorse CPU. (Chips and Cheese)
If you like all that fiddly detail about pipeline stages and result forwarding and branch misprediction penalties, this will be a feast for you.
The A5x series, unlike the higher end A7x and now Xx cores, is an in-order design. That makes it much simpler (and lower power), but it can't dynamically rearrange the instructions in your program to suit itself and still get the right answer, which is the crazy trick more powerful out-of-order cores do. Even something as simple as a Raspberry Pi does that these days.
- Much ado of a muchness: Comparing Intel and AMD CPUs on the same laptop. (Tom's Hardware)
They didn't test GPU performance (where the AMD model should really shine), so the results are pretty close. Intel is around 5% faster on Geekbench, AMD nearly 10% ahead on Cinebench.
On battery life tests, the Intel model lasted 11 hours 39 minutes, where the AMD version racked up 11 hours 38 minutes.
So... Pick your poison.
- The Surface Laptop Studio 2 is a think that exists. (Tom's Hardware)
At $3299 I don't know why though.
- Microsoft has overhauled OneDrive, and by overhauled they mean smeared AI shit all over it. (The Verge)
Can we not?
Tuesday, October 03
Behind You Edition
- Elon Musk (boo! hiss!) is being sued for $1 million for falsely claiming a man was a Neo-Nazi. (Tech Crunch)
What? Just a neo? Not even a real one? Pfft, what are you even doing here, Elon?
So what did he say?
Ars Technica has an even more unhinged report on events and their commentariat takes it to the next level.
- What big captchas you have, grandma. (Ars Technica)
Now Bing can read captchas. Which gives us a simple solution: Only allow people to comment if they can't read the captcha.
- Kenya's parliament is recommending that the country ban Sam Altman-Fried's Worldcoin project. (Reuters)
This plot from a third-rate Bond film, probably one of Timothy Dalton ones nobody remembers, seeks to scan the retinas of entire third-world nations in exchange for a pot of message.
(This is the weasel in charge of OpenAI, not the weasel in charge of FTX.)
- The debug table for Google Chrome is over 4GB. (Random ASCII)
That used to be a lot. It still is a lot. Ugh.
- The absolute minimum any developer needs to know about Unicode. (Tonsky)
We peaked with SIXBIT and it's been downhill ever since.
Unicode is designed to let you represent every human language, ever, with a single character set.
The problem is that it is impossible to consistently and unambiguously represent every human language, ever, with a single character set, so Unicode is the semantic equivalent of a typhoid epidemic where the only plumber in town is the first victim.
- If you plan to build a small hobby computer board, make it fit in a Raspberry Pi case. (Old VCR)
That aside, the 265SXB looks neat. The 65265 is a much-updated 6502, but still old-school enough that you can easily solder it yourself.
Not Even Remotely Tech News
- As above, so below:
The independent @RBAInfo’s decision to keep interest rates on hold at 4.1% is a relief for many already doing it tough. The @AlboMP Govt is rolling out billions of dollars of relief to take the edge off cost-of-living pressures without making inflation worse. #auspol#ausecon— Jim Chalmers MP (@JEChalmers) October 3, 2023
Yes, Australia now has its very own catastrophic inflation reduction act.
Monday, October 02
A Short Death Edition
- Can generative AI solve the greatest problem in computer science? No. What are you, stupid? (ZDNet)
"Researchers" are trying to use GPT-4 to prove one way or another whether P = NP.
Broadly speaking, the question is, for a given mathematical problem, if you can prove that a correct answer is in fact correct, is there always an efficient way to find that answer in the first place? (Though "efficient" in some cases might be relative to the lifespan of the universe.)
Nobody knows. Nobody knows if it is possible to know. But we do know that you can't find out by asking ChatGPT.
The only good part of this is that you're not paying for it. The "research" is funded by Microsoft (which owns a big chunk of ChatGPT creator OpenAI) and China.
- Ars Technica's new "Ladapo Scale" measures how irritated the commies are today. (Ars Technica)
The scale runs from 0 for Joe Biden, who is only questionably alive, to 10 for the Florida Surgeon General Joseph Ladapo, who follows internationally-approved standards for vaccines and suggests that it is not always appropriate to surgically mutilate children for profit.
I wonder what they'll do if they ever encounter a conservative opinion.
- What's new in Python 3.12. (Geeky Gadgets)
Better error messages.
Oh, and sub-interpreters, though I don't know what the advantage is of those over just using the multiprocessing module that just celebrated its 15th birthday.
As far as I can tell, absolutely nothing, and possibly less, because the example of the new functionality is noted as not working in 3.12, and probably not in 3.13 in a year or so.
- Why your OpenAPI spec sucks. (LibLab)
Because creating a specification that is complete and precise enough to mechanically generate fully working is hard, and nothing is going to solve that, and your startup is doomed.
- You might not need as much computer as you think. (PCWorld)
Or you might, depending on how much computer you need, and how much computer you think you need.
Though this article is talking about AMD-based mini-PC, and they genuinely are pretty good. This one in particular is underpowered for me, and I know this because it's the same CPU I have in my notebook.
- Speaking of AMD-based mini-PCs, I wondered why anyone would bother with Minisforum's new mini-ITX motherboard with its laptop 7745HX CPU. Money. (WCCFTech)
And also power consumption.
The 7745X delivers 90% of the single and multi-threaded performance of the desktop 7700X at half the power (55W vs 105W).
But the 7700X alone, without a motherboard or a cooler, costs $349, and the Minisforum board with the CPU and integrated cooler costs $399.
Not perfect, but at least worthwhile.
- The Verge continues to be totally normal and definitely isn't writing 5000 word pieces every single day hating on Elon Musk. (The Verge)
Orwell was only wrong in thinking it would be over in two minutes.
Definitely Not Tech News
- The interest rate on my home loan somehow went down. Not complaining, just slightly confused. (30 year fixed rate mortgages don't exist outside of the US, so we're vulnerable to whatever idiots are currently in government. And right now we have some real corkers.)
- Frieren: Beyond Journey's End is airing now on Crunchyroll and probably elsewhere.
Frieren is my favorite manga of recent years and the anime adaptation takes great care with the source material. It completely held my attention even though I already knew the story. Head and shoulders above the average anime series that are generally aimed at teens or younger.
The story? Imagine The Lord of the Rings, only the action starts the day after Sauron is defeated, and asks, well, what now?
Sunday, October 01
- Betteridge Falls: How overly-convenient Obama-era psychological research continues to unravel, to the point that it endangers the entire field. (New Yorker)
I've mentioned Dan Ariely and Francesca Gino before, and how their research data appears to have frequent disconnects with reality. A team of researchers called Data Colada has been doing a deep dive into over a decade of papers authored or co-authored by the two, and found a lot of problems.
I say that because Data Colada is now facing a $25 million defamation lawsuit for daring to question Gino's methodology, even though it increasingly looks closer to masturbation than rigorous science.
Speaking of which:
George Loewenstein, a titan of behavioral science and a co-author of Ariely’s masturbation paper, has refashioned his research program, conceding that his own work might have contributed to an emphasis on the individual at the expense of the systemic. "This is the stuff that C.E.O.s love, right?" Luigi Zingales, an economist at the University of Chicago, told me. "It’s cutesy, it’s not really touching their power, and pretends to do the right thing."CEOs and Democratic presidents.
At the end of [Joe] Simmons's unpublished post [for Data Colada], he writes, "An influential portion of our literature is effectively a made-up story of human-like creatures who are so malleable that virtually any intervention administered at one point in time can drastically change their behavior." He adds that a "field cannot reward truth if it does not or cannot decipher it, so it rewards other things instead. Interestingness. Novelty. Speed. Impact. Fantasy. And it effectively punishes the opposite. Intuitive Findings. Incremental Progress. Care. Curiosity. Reality."It also cannot reward truth if the auditors can be sued into silence.
- So what's the fallout for all this, for the discovery that massively popular and highly-cited research in modern psychology may turn out to be a series of just-so stories?
Nothing, because everyone kind of knew that psychology was like that. (Experimental History)
There are serious psychological researchers like Jeremy Wolfe who has spent forty years figuring out how people notice things - what exactly is in the brain that converts a bunch of green on the retina into a frog or a tennis ball.
And then there's the other kind:
Earlier, the Colada boys had found evidence of fraud in a paper co-authored by Duke professor Dan Ariely. The real juicy bit? There’s a paper written by both Ariely and Gino in which they might have independently faked the data for two separate studies in the same article. Oh, and the paper is about dishonesty.Really.
(Both Ariely and Gino deny any wrongdoing. Since we're now in the business of suing blogs, let me state that I, of course, have no idea if Ariely, Gino, or anybody else ever engaged in research misconduct. There's no evidence that I have any ideas at all! I'm just a bunch of bees!)Buzz.
This whole debacle matters a lot socially: careers ruined, reputations in tatters, lawsuits flying. But strangely, it doesn't seem to matter much scientifically. That is, our understanding of psychology remains unchanged. If you think of psychology as a forest, we haven't felled a tree or even broken a branch. We've lost a few apples.More than 25 years ago, Alan Sokal proved that sociological journals will publish unmitigated nonsense if it appeals to the reviewers' prejudices.
That might sound like a dunk on Gino and Ariely, or like a claim about how experimental psychology is wonderfully robust. It is, unfortunately, neither. It is actually a terrifying fact that you can reveal whole swaths of a scientific field to be fraudulent and it doesn't make a difference. It's also a chance to see exactly what's gone wrong in psychology, and maybe how we can put it right.
More recently Helen Pluckrose, James Lindsay, and Peter Boghossian repeated Sokal's work planting ludicrously implausible papers in supposedly academic journals. (Also note in that article that Sean Carroll criticised their essential work for "meanness". He seems like a nice enough guy when he's talking about physics, but he immediately blocked me on Twitter when I corrected him on a topic far outside his realm of expertise.)
But hey, these are just three people, albeit three pretty famous people. Maybe the impact of any single scientist is simply too small to be seen from a distance. If you deleted a whole bunch of papers from across the literature, though, that would really make a difference, and we’d have to rebuild big parts of the field from the ground up. Right?If this happened in physics, it would be like finding out the Moon isn't real.
No, not really. We did delete those papers, and nothing much happened. In 2015, a big team of researchers tried to redo 100 psychology studies, and about 60% failed to replicate. This finding made big waves and headlines, and it's already been cited nearly 8,000 times.
In psychology, it makes no difference.
But there's no world-changing insight like relativity, evolution, or DNA, nor any smaller-but-still-very-cool discoveries like polymerase chain reaction, CRISPR, or Higgs bosons. Only a few psychological discoveries are mentioned by more than one commenter, except for "most psychology studies are bunk." If Bloom can't think of any major recent discoveries, and if none of his friends can agree on any major recent discoveries, then maybe there aren't any major recent discoveries.If someone tries to tell you that psychology has proved something, sting them.
(I know that might be a bummer to hear, but don't shoot the messenger. Besides, good luck trying to shoot a bunch of bees.)
If you want a single SSD larger than 4TB, go for U.2 rather than M.2. (Tom's Hardware)
Enterprise U.2 8TB drives are cheaper than consumer-grade M.2 models. I don't know why, exactly, but it's consistently true.
Enterprise U.2 8TB drives are in fact about the same price per GB as the cheapest consumer SSDs.
Progress is having more trouble with massive server software insecurities. (Bleeping Computer)
Not with Progress itself, but with products from companies they acquired. It's a mess.
So is Exim, a mail server run by hundreds of thousands of companies worldwide. (Ars Technica)
At least there's a patch you can install today to fix that.
Lol. Just kidding. It's a critical vulnerability in critical software and there's no patch.
The Minisforum BD770i is a mini-ITX motherboard with a Ryzen 7745HX laptop CPU though nobody knows why. (Liliputing)
The 7840HS would make sense: Eight cores, low power, strong integrated graphics.
The 7745HX also has eight cores, but just one sixth the graphics hardware. It's slightly faster, but why not just use a regular desktop 7700?
Disclaimer: This is not a blog, the opinions found herein do not exist and are merely figments of your imagination, and very likely you do not exist either. We are all but bees.
Saturday, September 30
Stolen Hour Edition
- French AI company Mistral has released an LLM with no strings attached and the commies are furious. (404 Media)
We've seen what American AI companies do with - or rather, to - their products. ChatGPT will argue endlessly that it's better to let millions of people die in a nuclear fireball than utter a racial slur that nobody will hear. (And also keeps forgetting how to derive the prime factors of small positive integers.) Midjourney will suffer an aneurysm if you use the word "petite" when describing the image you want to generate.
Facebook does a lot better, unless you're competing with Facebook, in which case you can take a long walk off a short pier. Which is at least understandable, and the term "competing with" is pretty specific and doesn't apply to anyone smaller than Google, Microsoft, or Amazon.
Mistral just released Mistral 7B under the Apache license, which means you can do anything you like with it except pretend that it's not Mistral 7B.
It's as good as Facebook's Llama 2 13B while running on commodity graphics cards (16GB rather than 32GB), you can use it for anything you want, and it's not lobotomised - the industry prefers the euphemism "aligned", though they still use an ice pick to do it.
The Mistral 7B Instruct model is a quick demonstration that the base model can be easily fine-tuned to achieve compelling performance. It does not have any moderation mechanism. We’re looking forward to engaging with the community on ways to make the model finely respect guardrails, allowing for deployment in environments requiring moderated outputs.This naturally has communists and journalists concerned:
According to a list of 178 questions and answers composed by AI safety researcher Paul Röttger and 404 Media’s own testing, Mistral will readily discuss the benefits of ethnic cleansing, how to restore Jim Crow-style discrimination against Black people, instructions for suicide or killing your wife, and detailed instructions on what materials you’ll need to make crack and where to acquire them.So will the internet, or any good reference text.
The real question is why you are trying to murder your ethnic wife with a crack overdose in the first place.
- Six hysterical children are suing Europe for not preventing the sky from falling. (BBC)
Now go away or I shall taunt you a second time.
- A new era for Arecibo: It's now a giant full-contact netball court. (Nature)
Or should be. That would be an improvement over what they are actually doing.
- The days of free upgrades from Windows 7 and 8 to 10 or 11 are officially officially over. (Tom's Hardware)
This offer ended in July 2016, but an officially unofficial reprieve has pushed the officially official date out by more than seven years, with the unofficially official grace period finally ending on September 20.
Except that if you try to upgrade from Windows 7 to Windows 10 today... It still works just fine, so we're now into an indeterminate unofficially unofficial extended bonus grace period.
You can still officially officially upgrade from Windows 11 to Windows 10 though.
Friday, September 29
Interpreting Crafters Edition
- SpaceX now has a contract for a military version of Starlink, called Starshield. (Tech Crunch)
All the whining communists calling for SpaceX to be nationalised will surely stop with their nonsense now.
- Linda Yaccarino had a tough interview at Code Conference 2023. (The Verge)
Kara Swisher, who is to tech journalism what a poison arrow frog is to a petting zoo, invited former Chief of Censorship and Propaganda to speak immediately before Yaccarino, who is merely a poor choice for CEO rather than an out-and-out Stalinist.
Also, this being The Verge, the article concludes with a rant about Elon Musk.
- Micron is sampling 32Gb DDR5 RAM chips. (AnandTech)
These will allow regular desktop PC to scale up to 256GB of RAM, and laptops to 128GB. Shipping in volume next year.
I thought these would take longer - which is why they started with 24Gb as an intermediate step - but things seem to be moving along pretty quickly.
- Food delivery robots are feeding video to the LAPD. (404 Media)
I won't say that snitches get spray paint, but.
- There's now a 4TB model of Samsung's high-end 990 Pro SSD. (Tom's Hardware)
At $345 list price it would have been a bargain less than two years ago, even for a DRAMless QLC PCIe 3.0 drive, and it's a DRAM cached TLC PCIe 4.0 drive.
Worth considering if you're building a high-end PC.
Thursday, September 28
Five Is The New Four Edition
- Now that production has finally caught up with demand and the Raspberry Pi 4 is actually available to buy again they've announced the Raspberry Pi 5. (Tom's Hardware)
The BCM2711 CPU in the Pi 4 has been replaced with a BCM2712. Which doesn't tell you much, but they've gone from a quad Arm A72 at 1.5GHz to a quad Arm A76 at 2.4GHz, which should be about twice as fast.
The 4GB model will be $60 (up from $55), and the 8GB model $80 (up from $75).
I just got a Pi 400 - the model built in to a keyboard - but they haven't announced a Pi 500 as yet so I can live with that.
The Pi 5 also has a single lane of PCIe 2, so you can add an M.2 SSD with a suitable adaptor. It will only run at around 400MBps, but will still be better than the current micro SD cards.
- A new design for small desalination systems could produce tap water that is cheaper than tap water, or possibly vice-versa. (MIT)
It's a passive solar-powered system, which is to say it works from the heat of the Sun rather than photovoltaic cells.
It's not remarkable - we've had such systems for decades - except for the fact that it apparently just keeps working once you set it up, without any maintenance.
- Minisforum's new tablet is coming early in 2024 with a 14" 2560x1600 screen, a pressure-sensitive pen, the Four Essential Keys - which I have never seen on a tablet PC keyboard before - and a Ryzen 8000 CPU. (Liliputing)
Ryzen 8000 will bring Zen 5 cores with major performance improvements, but that doesn't mean that this Ryzen 8000 CPU will be Zen 5. Ryzen 7000 models variously have Zen 4, Zen 4c, Zen 3, and even Zen 2 cores.
It's a mess.
The laptop looks good though.
- Hey, I died twice: Seagate drives are reaching 800 percent failure rates. (WCCFTech)
Annual failure rates.
They only had one drive of a particular model, and it failed after six weeks.
Which isn't great, but doesn't rewrite the laws of mathematics either.
- Is Russia in the room with us right now? Twitter is leading the disinformation race in the EU say the kind of people who use the term "disinformation" unironically. (The Register)
"Russia", they added. "Russia, Russia, Russia."
Wednesday, September 27
- A new attack on GPUs can steal data from web pages as you view them. (Ars Technica)
This affects all significant GPU manufacturers - not just AMD and Nvidia, but also Intel (including integrated graphics), Apple, ARM, and Qualcomm's Adreno graphics, and impacts Chrome and Chromium-based browsers including Microsoft Edge.
How worried should you be?
Not at all.
In the example provided by the security researchers, visitors to a malicious website that showed Wikipedia in an embedded frame (which Wikipedia allows websites to do) could have their usernames read by the site inside of, well, half an hour.
If they didn't scroll the page at all during that time.
What the hack does is very clever though not very useful, but is a great example of an entire class of tricks called side-channel attacks.
The host website (the malicious one) loads the Wikipedia content, and then starts drawing over it invisibly using SVG filters. (SVG is scalable vector graphics, a set of drawing operations supported by web browsers.)
Most browsers support hardware acceleration for SVG, and if that is in effect, there is a consistent, measurable - though tiny - difference in the time taken to draw SVG filters depending on what is behind the filter.
So by drawing filters over and over, at slightly different angles and screen locations, you can tell the difference between white background and black text depending on how long the drawing operations over each pixel take on average.
It's statistical, and slow, but it gives you a blurry copy of what is showed on screen in a page that is supposed to be safely sandboxed away from the malicious site.
So after half an hour of busily drawing invisible filters, the host website - knowing where on the page Wikipedia shows the username - has a blurry copy of that tiny section of the page and can OCR it and find out who you are.
Of course, if you scroll the page at all during that half hour, its fun is ruined and all it gets is a jumbled mess.
And what hackers really want is passwords and credit card CVCs, and all that it can get there - even if you leave the page whirring away with the login box open for half an hour - is *******.
But when you see these hacks that leak data at the rate of one bit per minute or something like that, they are doing the digital equivalent of very, very slowly shading in a page on a notepad to get an impression of what was written on the previous page.
- Intel has clarified its clarification: Meteor Lake will be coming to the desktop, but there will only be Meteor Lake laptop CPUs. (WCCFTech)
No build-your-own, no socketed chips at all. Only laptop chips in NUCs and all-in-one systems.
- Speaking of Meteor Lake Intel's Ultra 7 165H - which is one - reportedly underwhelms in Geekbench 6. (Tom's Hardware)
Though actually that's a decent score, so it will come down to price. AMD's 7745HX beats it on both single and multi-threaded scores, but that's a... Oh.
The AMD chip has 8 cores; the Intel chip has 16. And it's slower.
Yeah, underwhelms is right.
- Why don't Americans eat mutton? (Modern Farmer)
Long story short: WWII field rations.
- OpenAI is raising funds at a valuation of $90 billion. (Tech Crunch)
- The FCC wants to have another shot at enforcing Net Neutrality rules. (Tech Crunch)
Here we go again.
- Even nine out of ten Ars Technica readers now concedes that the Jodie Whittaker era of Doctor Who was poop. (Ars Technica)
Most of the blame is laid at the feet of showrunner Chris Chibnall, but I think that is correct. He also wrote some of the worst episodes in the Matt Smith era.
Tuesday, September 26
Failure Cascade Edition
- Hong Kong crypto exchange JPEX increased withdrawal fees to $999 and set a withdrawal limit of $1000 a week ago amid fears that JPEX was a fraud and would soon collapse. (Web3 Is Going Great)
Nah, everything will be fine.
- Hong Kong crypto exchange JPEX collapsed yesterday and the senior management are on the run. (Web3 Is Going Great)
Everything will be fine.
- Hong Kong crypto exchange Mixin was hacked and thieves made off with $200 million. (Web3 Is Going Great)
Fine, I tell you.
- Samsung has announced that LPCAMM memory modules for laptops will be arriving next year. (Tom's Hardware)
These replace the existing SODIMMs - or more often, replace memory soldered directly to the motherboard. The modules are 128 bits wide so you only need one of them - and they're about the same size as a single SODIMM - and are designed to use low power, high speed LPDDR5X chips.
They will be available in capacities from 32GB to 128GB, which means that finally we won't be stuck with laptops that have everything you need except they ship with 8GB of RAM and it's solder in place.
I expect to see these modules soldered in place, because laptop manufactures seem to be driven as much by malice as anything else.
- Apple: Removes button from the iPhone.
Totally Unbiased Press: This is the greatest thing ever!
Apple: Adds button to the iPhone
Totally Unbiased Press: This is the greatest thing ever! (The Verge)
Whatever would we do without our news media?
Monday, September 25
Chellenge Pellow Edition
- Yes, Meteorella, you shall go to the ball! (Tom's Hardware)
Intel says that Meteor Lake will be coming to desktops. It will launch on laptops in December but then follow on with desktop versions next year.
Only problem is it ends up sandwiched between Raptor Lake Refresh - 14th generation chips - later this year, and Arrow Lake - 15th generation - later next year.
Three updates in the space of 12 months? Really, Intel?
I suppose it's better than no updates at all.
- In which Donald Knuth plays Twenty Questions with ChatGPT and runs into the usual authoritative-but-entirely-wrong answers. (Stanford)
For example, the answer to:
6. Where and when will the sun be directly overhead in Japan on July 4?Is completely wrong, because the Sun is never directly overhead any town in Japan. As far as I can tell, no populated place in Japan is in the tropics; even Iriomote, made famous in Azumanga Daioh and at the southern extreme of the Ryuku Islands (which include Okinawa) is still somewhat north. You'd have to go to a two acre coral reef called Okinotorishima for that.
11. Write a sonnet that is also a haiku.Is the kind of thing ChatGPT is good at, except of course that it is strictly speaking impossible because sonnets have fourteen lines and haiku have seventeen syllables.
And it does actually produce a sort of sonnet-haiku, while noting that it is strictly neither, so all credit to OpenAI for that.
10. How many chapters are in The Haj by Leon Uris?This is a simple factual question, the kind that ChatGPT is notoriously bad at, and indeed the answer is wrong in every respect.
Knuth was also pleased to hear that he made "contributions to" TeX (which he created) but at least ChatGPT recognised him as the author of the classic The Art of Computer Programming.
I'm not saying it's aliens, but... A mind-boggling creature spotted in Japan has finally been identified. (Science)
And it's not Kson in that red dress.
In this case, the mystery sea creature that nobody could identify turned out to be a perfectly normal agglomeration of bimodal larvae of degenean trematodes, a fluke belonging to the superphylum lophotrochozoa.
But flukes are normally parasitic, so what these guys were doing just wandering around in the ocean remains uncertain.
A new fully open source version of the Falcon LLM - Falcon 180B - is available. Can it run on your computer? No. (Substack)
By default it requires 720GB of video memory, which is more than most cards offer. You can get that down to 360GB with some adjustment to the load process, which means you only need five $33,000 Nvidia AI accelerators to run it.
You can get it to start by having all the parts that don't fit swapped to SSD, but there are limits to computational masochism.
Also, no, you can't put a 4x128GB RAM kit in your computer. That would be registered memory, and it just won't work.
Fortunately for those of us who don't have a spare $165,000 just sitting around there's also a Falcon 7B, and that will run nicely on a 16GB graphics card.
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